Volume 5, Issue 17 (Winter 2017)                   IUESA 2017, 5(17): 49-65 | Back to browse issues page

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Aliakbari E, Taleshi M, Faraji Darabkhani M. An Analysis of Role and Position of Small Cities in Regional Balance and Development (Case Study: West of Zagros Macro-Region). IUESA. 2017; 5 (17) :49-65
URL: http://iueam.ir/article-1-610-en.html
1- Payam Noor University, Iran , aliakbariesmaeil@yahoo.com
2- Payam Noor University, Iran
Abstract:   (3043 Views)

Distribution of population and activity in space, called as spatial planning in development literature, is the main factor of balance and development in national and regional scale. This paper aims to evaluate the policy of small cities in regional development, the position of small cities in the western area of Zagros in population distribution, and job creation. Research method is descriptive-analytical based on documentary data that were qualified in GIS and Excel soft wares. The results indicated that population distribution and job opportunities are imbalanced between urban classes and are not in line with regional balance. 68percent (9 percent of cities) of population live in few large and medium cities and only 32 percent of urban population live in small cities network and rural–urban commuting areas (RUCAs) forming 91 percent of urban areas. Spatial structure of urban occupation is imbalanced. As a result, urbanization system of the area confronts with maximum population and activity concentration, infrastructures, and types of occupation capacities focusing on service and industry sectors in in large and medium cities vis-à-vis maximum distribution in the majority of this area and its small cities. Even though regional development policies emphasize on small cities approach, urbanization changes of the area, unlike mentioned policies, have resulted in centralization and dominated by high levels of urban system, and the role of small cities has been less considered in reducing inequality and creating regional development and balance.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/12/19 | Accepted: 2016/03/12 | Published: 2017/03/14

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