Volume 4, Issue 15 (Summer 2016)                   IUESA 2016, 4(15): 19-36 | Back to browse issues page

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Movahhed A, Vali Noori S, Hataminejad H, Zanganeh A, Kamanroodi Kajouri M. Spatial Analysis of Urban Poverty in Tehran Metropolis. IUESA. 2016; 4 (15) :19-36
URL: http://iueam.ir/article-1-460-en.html
1- Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (4853 Views)

Urban poverty is one of the main concerns of the 21st century and fighting against it is at the top of the millennium development goals. This paper has been done aiming to identify and analyze spatially areas of urban poverty. It has been done with quantitative method and survey based on secondary analysis in Tehran Metropolis in a way that calculated items were categorized based on four main factors of housing including economic, social, cultural, and educational ones and 43 indexes. They were selected by using statistical blocks data of Tehran Metropolis based on population and housing census in 2011. The results indicated that four extracted factors determine 72.7 percent of distribution of the total variance including housing poverty (28.7 percent), economic poverty (18.4 percent), social poverty (14.1 percent), and educational-cultural poverty (11.5 percent) respectively. They also indicated that districts 17, 19, 18, and 16 had the highest ranks regarding all poverty factors including economic, social, cultural, and educational ones. It is recommended to prioritize poverty alleviation and empowerment in development measures. However, the results of fuzzy VIKOR showed that there were 2312 very poor blocks (38.5 percent), 2049 poor blocks (34.1 percent), 1068 average blocks (17.8 percent), 458 rich blocks (7.6 percent), and only 114 very rich blocks.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/04/9 | Accepted: 2016/06/20 | Published: 2016/09/21

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