Volume 4, Issue 14 (spring 2016)                   IUESA 2016, 4(14): 137-157 | Back to browse issues page

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Salarvandiyan F, Hosseini S A, Habibi L, Jafari Mehrabadi M. The Role of Informal Jobs in Relieving Informal Settlement (Case Study: Hesaramir of Pakdasht). IUESA. 2016; 4 (14) :137-157
URL: http://iueam.ir/article-1-399-en.html
1- Ph.D. of Geography and Urban Planning Faculty of Geography, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2- Assistant Professor, Faculty of Faculty of Cultural Heritage Handicrafts and Tourism, University of Mazandaran, Mazandaran, Iran
3- Assistant Professor Department of Geography, university of Gilan, Gilan, Iran
Abstract:   (3053 Views)

New theories in empowerment have been focused on the role of spontaneous solutions of suburbanites in the recent years. One of the scientific strategies that inhabitants of informal settlements use for solving the problems of marginalization is to choose informal economy and spontaneous jobs. This research has descriptive-analytical approach emphasizing on questionnaire in order to study the role of such occupations as a solution arisen from these societies in order to relieve the issue of informal settlement among informal habitats of Hesaramir in Pakdasht. Cochran Formula was used to determine sample size. 25303 people of total population of Hesaramir were considered as a statistical population; therefore, 378 people were selected. SWOT technique indicated that development of spontaneous jobs in the informal settlements of Hesaramir of Pakdasht has very high strengths (3.33 scores in terms of internal factors and 3.34 scores in terms of external factors). One sample t tests and chi-square were used to analyze the questionnaires. Chi-square test results showed that there is a significant relationship between the gender of the studied people and tendency to spontaneous jobs with the probability of 95%. T and Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests were used to show the impact of spontaneous jobs on economic recovery. The results of Kolmogorov-Smirnov test indicate that tendency to such jobs has leaded to the improvement of economic situation. T-test indicates the significance level less than 0.05 showing the impact of these jobs on the improvement of economic situation.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2013/12/7 | Accepted: 2016/04/9 | Published: 2016/07/5

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